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Testicular Cancer - Toronto Malpractice Lawyer


If you choose our Toronto medical malpractice lawyers to represent you in your Testicular Cancer claim, we will provide committed and vigorous representation on your behalf. You will receive a complete professional service from Toronto lawyers who deal with claiming compensation for Testicular Cancer errors caused as a result of a medical malpractice. If you would like advice at no cost without obligation from a Toronto testicular cancer lawyer just call the helpline or complete the contact form or email our Toronto offices and a lawyer will telephone you at the first possible opportunity.
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Testicular Cancer Overview

Testicular cancer is a disease in which cells become cancerous in one or both testicles. The testicles or testes are the male reproductive glands. They are responsible for making sperm and for producing male hormones like testosterone. Testosterone is responsible for the primary and secondary sex characteristics. The testes reside in a pouch beneath the penis called the scrotum.

Testicular tumors have different characteristics that make them called seminomas or nonseminomas. Seminomas are classic, anaplastic or spermatocytic. There are numerous types of nonseminomas, such as choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, or teratoma. A testicular tumor can consist of many different elements.

Testicular cancer accounts for only one percent of all cancers among men. Only about 1,000 men are diagnosed each year and 40 men die each year in Canada of the disease. It is a cancer most commonly seen in young men between the ages of 20 and 39. This is why it is important for doctors to do testicular exams on all men, regardless of age, and have a higher index of suspicion in younger men of having this disease. It is the most common type of cancer in the 15-34 year old age group. It is common in men of Scandinavian descent. The rate of testicular cancer has doubled in white men in the past 40 years but has only slightly increased among blacks over the same time period.

The main risk factors for testicular cancer include the following factors:

  • If a man has had an undescended testicle sometime at the time of birth and beyond.
  • If a man has a history of congenital abnormalities of the testes or penis or kidneys.
  • Prior history of testicular cancer.
  • Family history of testicular cancer—first degree relatives.
  • What are the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer? The doctor needs to be wary of these signs and symptoms so that they can catch the disease in its earlier stages. It should be noticed that most men find their cancer themselves and that a routine testicular examination is still necessary. Men should be taught how to do testicular self-exam before visits to the doctor. Signs and symptoms include the following:

    • Having a painless lump in the testicle
    • Having pain or discomfort in the scrotum or testicle
    • Having an enlarged testicle
    • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
    • Having a dull aching sensation in the low abdomen, low back or groin
    • Collection of fluid in the scrotum

    As these symptoms can be caused by conditions other than cancer, it is important to have patients know when it is important to talk to their doctor and get a second opinion.

    How is testicular cancer diagnosed? The doctor must first to a simple physical examination, including a testicular examination. Blood tests can be done that identify tumor markers in testicular cancer. These include an alpha-feto-protein level, a Beta-HCG level and an LDH level. These can show a possibility of a testicular tumor even when it can’t be felt by human hands. An ultrasound can show areas of suspicious tissue in the testis. It can also rule out other causes of swelling of the scrotum. A Microscopic needle biopsy can show if there is a cancer and exactly what kind of cancer it is. If cancer is found, the entire testicle is removed through a small incision in the groin. Usually the other testicle is left behind if fertility is wished to be preserved. Both testes do not need to be removed if just one testicle is involved unless the tumor has grown past the outer skin of the testicle. If there is a mass in both testicles and they are both cancerous, both testicles need removing.

    Toronto Medical Malpractice Lawyers

    The medical profession which includes doctors, nurses and hospital technicians usually provides a caring service with a high standard of excellence however there are occasions when things do go wrong. Our litigation service is completely free and our Toronto medical malpractice lawyers will deal with your case using a contingency fee arrangement which means that if you don’t succeed in receiving a financial settlement then your lawyer won't get paid.

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