Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Malpractice Lawyer
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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Overview
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is a moderately severe infection of the female reproductive system. It is considered a sexually transmitted disease because the bacteria that cause PID are transmitted sexually and begin in the vagina before traveling up to the uterus and to the upper genital tract.
Women with pelvic inflammatory disease often have no or mild symptoms and don’t often seek medical treatment until they suffer from infertility or from chronic pelvic pain.
Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include the following:
- Heavy vaginal bleeding that is malodorous
- Pain in the pelvis and abdomen
- Irregular bleeding
- Pain that occurs during intercourse
- Pain on urination
- Pain in the low back
- Fever or fatigue
- Diarrhea or vomiting
Many women with PID have minor symptoms or no symptoms at all. This is especially true if the infection is caused by Chlamydia.
If you have the following symptoms, you should see the doctor for evaluation of PID:
- Severe pelvic pain
- Fever with a temperature greater than 101 F
- Fainting or other sign of shock
Even if the symptoms aren’t bad but are persistent, see the doctor. Prompt treatment of a sexually transmitted disease can keep it from turning into a case of PID.
Causes of getting an STD that turns into a case of PID include unprotected sex, especially with more than one sexual partner, and failure to use a condom. An IUD can increase the chances of getting an STD; however a barrier method will decrease your chances of getting an STD. The birth control pill offers no protection whatsoever. It might protect somewhat against getting PID because you make thicker cervical mucus so the bacteria don’t travel into the upper genital tract.
Bacteria can get inside your upper genital tract because of an insertion of IUD, during childbirth, after an abortion or after an endometrial biopsy of the uterus.
Risk factors to getting pelvic inflammatory disease include the following:
- Having many sexual partners
- Being sexually active before age 25
- Being in a relationship with someone who has multiple sex partners
- Having unprotected sex
- Recently having an IUD placed
- Regularly douching, which upsets the balance of good and bad bacteria
- Having an STD or PID in the past.
There are several complications of having untreated pelvic inflammatory disease, which include the onset of scar tissue and the formation of abscesses in the pelvis. This can cause the following to happen:
- Getting an ectopic pregnancy. Pelvic inflammatory disease is a major reason behind getting an ectopic pregnancy. The scar tissue prevents the egg from passing through the fallopian tube and it gets fertilized and stuck there. This can be a life threatening condition. It can also require an emergency surgery.
- Chronic pelvic pain can be secondary to PID and many women don’t realize the connection for many years. This is when other side effects occur.
- Infertility is strongly related to having PID. The later your treatment for PID, the greater is the risk of getting infertility.
There are tests used to diagnose the disease of PID. It all starts with a good history and physical examination, including a pelvic examination. Cultures of the cervix are done, urinary tests are done and there is usually an analysis of the vaginal mucus. Swabs are taken from the vaginal area, and the cervical area. These can be paired with a pelvic ultrasound to check for scar tissue, an endometrial biopsy and possibly a laparoscopy to highlight the pelvic organs and tissues.
Antibiotics make up the major therapy for pelvic inflammatory disease. There may need to be many different antibiotics prescribed, depending on the organism or organisms involved. Pain medications are often prescribed. Your sexual partner may need to be treated so you don’t get the infection back again. You should avoid sexual activity until the infection has resolved itself in all sexual partners.
If cases are more serious, you might need to be in the hospital. This is true if you are sick, pregnant, and nonresponsive to oral antibiotics or HIV positive. Surgery isn’t needed unless there is an abscess that is about ready to rupture.
Toronto Medical Malpractice Lawyers
The medical profession which includes doctors, nurses and hospital technicians usually provides a caring service with a high standard of excellence however there are occasions when things do go wrong. Our litigation service is completely free and our Toronto medical malpractice lawyers will deal with your case using a contingency fee arrangement which means that if you don’t succeed in receiving a financial settlement then your Toronto lawyer won't get paid.
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