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Cardiovascular Disease - Toronto Malpractice


If you choose our Toronto based lawyers to represent you in your Cardiovascular Disease compensation claim, we will provide committed and vigorous representation on your behalf. You will receive a complete professional service from Toronto lawyers who deal with claiming compensation for Cardiovascular Disease errors as a result of medical malpractice. If you would like free advice without obligation from a Toronto medical malpractice lawyer just call the helpline or complete the contact form or email our Toronto offices and a lawyer will telephone you at the first possible opportunity.
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Cardiovascular Disease Overview

Cardiovascular disease is the same as heart and blood vessel disease. It includes those diseases caused by atherosclerosis which is a buildup of plaque within the walls of the arteries. As the arteries narrow, the heart can get less and less oxygen and blood clots can form in the narrowed arteries so the heart gets no oxygen in certain areas and it causes a heart attack. A stroke happens in basically the same way.

A heart attack happens when the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked by a narrowed artery and a blood clot forms. There is absolutely no blood flow to a part of the heart and that part dies unless a doctor provides the patient with immediate clot busting drugs so that the clot can be dissolved. With proper treatment, most people survive their heart attack and have normal lives after that. There needs to be lifestyle changes and new medications to make the right changes to avoid a second heart attack.

An ischemic stroke happens when atherosclerosis blocks an artery and a blood clot further blocks the artery causing a lack of circulation to part of the brain. The brain can tolerate only a few hours without circulation so that the clot busting drugs must be given within 4 hours of the onset of the stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke is less likely but it results from bleeding in the brain. It is usually controlled by uncontrolled hypertension.

Some effects of stroke are permanent if the blood lacks in oxygen for too long. Brain cells are never replaced once they die. Injured cells, however, are able to repair themselves. The repair occurs slowly over time, improving bodily function. Strength and sensation may improve and speech can improve over the long run. This happens through careful and thorough rehabilitation.

Other manifestations of cardiovascular disease include heart failure, which means a weak heart that isn’t pumping fully. The body’s oxygen need isn’t getting met properly and fluid backs up behind the heart. Heart failure usually happens as a result of a previous heart attack or from things like high blood pressure or valvular disease.

Arrhythmias are another manifestation of coronary artery disease. This is an abnormal rhythm of the heart. The heart can go too fast, too slow or have an irregular rhythm. It’s called bradycardia when the heart is going to slow. It is called tachycardia when the heart is going too fast, greater than 100 beats per minute. If a heart has an arrhythmia, it can cause a lowered cardiac output so the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body.

A heart valve problem happens when a valve is stiff and doesn’t open enough to let blood flow through it or when a valve is floppy and allows too much blood to flow backwards when it should be going forwards. This is usually treated medically until it gets dangerous and then surgery is used to repair the valve. If the valve is not properly managed and repaired, it means that the patient may go into acute or chronic heart failure and the patient may die.

The proper treatment for cardiovascular disease is essential for maintaining a healthy life. For example, a heart valve problem is treated with medications and heart valve surgery. Arrhythmias are treated with medications and sometimes with ablation therapy to destroy the areas of the heart that are causing the arrhythmia to occur. Some patients undergo cardiac defibrillation while others require a pacemaker. A heart attack is treated with clot busting medications in the beginning along with a coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass graft. Other medications are used after a heart attack, depending on the situation. A stroke is treated with clot busters within 3 hours of onset as well as with a carotid endarterectomy.

The GP should be familiar with diagnostic tests to diagnose cardiovascular disease. These include carotid ultrasounds, coronary ultrasounds, stress tests with or without medication to artificially increase the heart rate. These are tests the GP should do on a regular basis to patients who might be at risk for coronary artery disease. If these tests aren’t done, the person isn’t caught early enough in the disease to make a big difference in the patient’s eventual outcome.

Medical Malpractice Lawyers

The medical profession which includes doctors, nurses and hospital technicians usually provides a caring service with a high standard of excellence however there are occasions when things do go wrong. Our litigation service is completely free and our Toronto based lawyers will deal with your cardiovascular disease case using a contingency fee arrangement which means that if you don’t succeed in receiving a financial settlement then your lawyer medical malpractice lawyer won't get paid.