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Brain Injury Lawyer - Toronto TBI Compensation


Toronto Lawyer Confidential Helpline 855-804-7145



A Toronto brain injury lawyer must have detailed legal experience in dealing with injuries of the utmost severity and be able to call upon the services of nationally recognized medical consultants who are experts in the disciplines of spinal surgery, neurosurgery, neurology and psychology to ensure that liability is proved under the law and fair and adequate recompense is awarded. These injuries may produce a diminished or altered state of mind and often result in impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning which may be either temporary or permanent and cause partial to total functional disability or psychosocial maladjustment of the mind. These injuries are often a catastrophic event altering the lives of both victims and their families forever. Most families simply don't have the resources to cover all the expenses and provide for the victim over his or her lifetime. That's where a specialist Toronto brain injury lawyer comes in to help you claim the compensation they deserve. If you, or someone you know, have suffered any cognitive, physical, or emotional symptoms as a result of a serious injury in Ontario and you would like to know if it is possible to claim compensation just complete the contact form or call the helpline or email our Toronto offices. A Toronto brain injury lawyer will discuss your claim on the telephone with no further obligation and no charge.

Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury or TBI involves trauma to the brain due to a fall, motor vehicle accident, sports accident or other injury. Some brain injuries are purely accidental with no negligence attributable to any person however the majority of serious brain injuries are due to carelessness caused by the negligence or deliberate actions of one or more people. Traumatic brain injuries can be severe, with half of all of these injuries requiring at least a brief period of hospitalization. If you or a loved one sustains a serious brain injury in a car accident, you need the immediate services of a Toronto brain injury lawyer. A personal injury lawyer will assess the situation to prove the liability of a 3rd party and will obtain sufficient medical evidence to establish the extent and value of the claim. There are substantially enhanced benefits available if the injury is very serious and falls into the category of catastrophic impairment. The brain injury lawyer follows the developing medical and neurological situations of the patient so that estimations of chronicity of symptoms can be determined in order to accurately update the value of the claim as and when appropriate. Those severe traumatic brain injuries that are anticipated to be long-lasting or permanent can be expected to garner a greater financial award than less severe injuries.

TBI Types

About a half of all TBI injuries happen secondary to a car accident and symptoms may appear immediately or be delayed for days or weeks. Most traumatic brain injuries are flexion extension injuries in which the brain moves around inside the skull, causing broken blood vessels. This type of injury is more common in children under the age of 4 or in the elderly.

The most minor injury is a concussion in which the brain is jarred but there tends to be little or no bleeding and no swelling of the brain. The sufferer might suffer a loss of balance or might have a brief period of loss of consciousness. Almost all concussions resolve spontaneously without any particular treatment. A contusion in the brain is like a “brain bruise”. Local swelling is common and there can be bleeding if the trauma is severe.

Traumatic brain injuries can be open injuries or closed injuries. Open injuries involve a fractured skull; fragments of bone can enter the brain and cause bleeding. Closed injuries have no external bleeding or skull fracture. One of the biggest risks of closed head injuries is pressure that builds up inside the skull. If the pressure becomes too great, a portion of the brain can push through the base of the skull which is usually fatal.

There can be disruption of the blood vessels around the brain, leading to a subarachnoid hemorrhage or a subdural hematoma. These are more severe and usually require surgery. Not all traumatic brain injuries require surgery but some do if the pressure in the brain is higher than is safe. Some patients go on to require physical and occupational therapy so they can relearn those deficits they lost during the injury.

TBI Symptoms

If you have a traumatic brain injury, you are likely to have a headache. You can also get dizziness, blurriness of your vision, fatigue and lethargy. A brief period of loss of consciousness can happen and some patients develop a loss of balance, irritability, depression, visual or hearing deficits. The most severe traumatic brain injuries are known for the fact that the patient is usually unconscious for at least six hours. Cognition can be severely impaired and the sufferer can have loss of hearing, smell, light intolerance, visual disturbances, paralysis, spasticity, chronic pain or bowel and bladder disorders. The body temperature can fluctuate and there can be severe swings in mood and cognition.

TBI Causes

The death of over 5,000 Canadians is caused by this injury every year, almost double that number of people will suffer permanent long term damage and over 25,000 people are hospitalized each year. The two groups at greatest risk are those aged between 0 to 4 years and 15years to 19 years and males are 50% more likely than females to sustain this injury. Almost 1 million Canadians need life long help to carry out normal daily tasks as a result of a TBI. The leading causes of TBI are:

  • Falls (28%)
  • Motor vehicle-traffic crashes (20%)
  • Assaults (11%)

Consequences of TBI

The consequences of brain injury may include;

  • Cognitive Consequences;
    • long-term memory loss
    • short-term memory loss
    • reduced ability to process information
    • reduced concentration
    • difficulty with a conversation or other communications
    • disorientation
    • impaired judgement
    • organisational difficulties

  • Physical Consequences;
    • seizures
    • spasticity
    • reduced or altered vision or blindness
    • loss of sense of smell or taste
    • speech impediment including slow or slurred speech
    • migraines or headaches
    • general fatigue
    • balance difficulties

  • Emotional Consequences;
    • anxiety
    • mood swings
    • depression
    • impulsive behaviour
    • agitation
    • egocentric behaviour

Open & Closed Head Injuries

The significant forces involved in vehicle collisions can produce not only the obvious results of major head trauma involving open wounds or fractures to the skull, but also the less obvious but more frequent results of a closed head injury which can include concussion, tissue damage or death. Closed head injuries can occur where rapid acceleration or deceleration occurs, even when the head does not strike another object. In these cases extensive damage can be caused either at the time of impact or due to subsequent bleeding due to the forces exerted inside of the skull when a sudden speed change happens. The injury is usually characterized by a period of altered consciousness including amnesia, concussion or coma which can be very brief sometimes lasting only a few minutes or very long and in some instances indefinitely.

Mild Brain Injury

Mild injuries can cause long-term residual problems that interfere with daily life. These injuries are often overlooked by health care professionals due to minimal outward damage that may occur, which can lead to improper care and treatment. To ensure a satisfactory settlement it is essential that specialists are involved from the very beginning of the case. We are able to provide first class legal representation, by a specialist brain injury lawyer, to anyone who has suffered TBI to ensure that their rights are protected.

Long Term

Brain injuries can be temporary, even in situations where there has been loss of consciousness. Some victims recover for the most part but have permanent mild residual issues such as memory loss, sleep problems and behavioral issues. Still other brain injury patients have severe permanent injury, including being in a permanent vegetative state, having paralysis, having a decreased level of consciousness and various cognitive defects related to thinking, vision and hearing.

Toronto Brain Injury Lawyers

These cases can be extremely difficult from a legal perspective and it is only through the combined efforts of a cohesive team of medical and legal minds that a Toronto brain injury lawyer can cut through the defence and succeed in claiming compensation. Experience does count and you can rest assured that our lawyers have detailed experience in settling complex TBI cases. We'll ensure that you get a fair deal. You will be given free advice on how best to pursue your claim and what actions you should take to preserve your legal rights. Our traumatic brain injury lawyers based in Toronto will deal with your trauma claim using a contingency fee arrangement. If you don't succeed in receiving a settlement then your lawyer won't get paid.


Confidential Helpline 855-804-7145